mao asada and evgeni plushenko taking a cute picture together
Figure Skating Jumps: Solo Jumps
Guide to figure skating jumps through gifs! In this post I’ll cover the six basic types of jumps using triples from various skaters; my next post will probably be about combination jumps.
There are six types of jumps: toeloop, flip, lutz, salchow, loop, and axel. The first three are toe jumps - skaters launch into the air with assistance from the toepick of their other foot. The latter three are edge jumps - no toepick assistance; skaters take off from the edge alone. The first thing you should probably ask yourself when trying to identify jumps is whether it’s a toe or an edge jump.
A skate blade has two edges: the outside edge (closer to the outside of the skater’s foot) and the inside edge (closer to the inside of the foot). All jumps land on an outside edge. Most skaters land on their right foot, so I will just use that in this post for simplicity’s sake. Since the landing position is always the same, only variances in takeoff differentiate the jumps. All jumps have a backwards takeoff except for the axel.
Toeloop (T): Takes off from the outside edge of Kanako’s right foot, lands on the outside edge of her right foot. Notice how she sets up the jump by gliding for a bit on her left foot, then putting her right outside edge down and toepicking her left foot into the ice to launch into the air.
Flip (F): Takes off from the inside edge of Zijun’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of her right foot. Her right toepick is used to launch into the air. Many skaters will do turns into the flip; it generally has a shorter setup time than the lutz.
Lutz (Lz): Takes off from the outside edge of Han’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of his right foot. His right toepick is used to launch into the air. The only difference between a flip and lutz is the edge that it takes off on; one way to differentiate between the two if you can’t see the edge clearly is the setup time - skaters often have a long running edge going into the lutz. Many skaters have indistinct edges on their flips and lutzes and “flutzing” is common - taking off on the wrong edge for the lutz, effectively making it into a flip. The opposite (taking off on the wrong edge for a flip) is called a “lip”. Notice how Kanako sets up her lutz on the outside edge, but changes to the inside edge at the last second, resulting in a flutz:
Salchow (S): Takes off from the inside edge of Akiko’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of her right foot. No toepick assistance. Salchows are characterized by a “sweeping” motion upon takeoff; notice how Akiko swings her right leg around. Salchows also momentarily have a “knock-kneed” position with the feet splayed apart.
Loop (Lo): Takes off from the outside edge of Dai’s right foot, lands on the outside edge of his right foot. No toepick assistance. Notice how his legs appear to be crossed during the setup; this is the best way to tell a loop from a salchow. Skaters often do turns into a loop as well.
Axel (A): Takes off from the outside edge of Han’s left foot, lands on the outside edge of the right foot. No toepick assistance. The axel is really easy to distinguish from the other jumps because it’s the only one with a forward takeoff; thus, a 3A actually has 3.5 rotations, and so on.
Each type of jump is worth a different amount of points. For jumps with the same number of rotations, the value from least to greatest is: toeloop, salchow, loop, flip, lutz, axel.
Dispatchwork, Lego street art around the world by Jan Vormann.
if you choose a job you love, you’ll never have to work a day in your life!! because the field you’re interested in isn’t hiring
GET TO KNOW ME MEME: [03/05] Celebrities
Joseph Gordon-Levitt: ”Celebrity doesn’t have anything to do with art or craft. It’s about being rich and thinking that you’re better than everybody else.”
the only real downside of being a virgin is that u can literally be used as a blood sacrifice at any given moment
Omg I’m dying this is so cute! This little girl recreates celebrity outfits with construction paper and tape!
That little girl is going places
Why do I care about my diet and the gym so much?
I’ve never really opened up about what I am about to share with whoever is reading this; I’m not trying to seek the attention of people in this post, nor am I trying to persuade anybody into thinking anything at all about diet/ working out… I am merely trying to share my experiences with anybody who wishes to listen, in the hope that they feel like they know me better than they currently do.
So, this is a picture of me when I was younger. I love my parents more than anything, and I know if they ever read this, they’ll say I’m being totally silly and exaggerating… but growing up, I was, in my opinion fat. From the age of about 8, until probably 14, I continuously struggled in P.E classes at school, as well as at training for my local football team. I just couldn’t keep up with my friends when we did training exercise and every year at middle school I dreaded the time when ‘cross- country’ was mentioned by the teachers. Cross- Country is basically running across heath land. Most of the schools in my area do this every year and at the school I attended between ages 8-13, it was probably the biggest event of the sporting calendar. It was an activity that was compulsory- ALL children had to do it, EVERY year. I was always one of the kids who ended in the last 20, out of 120 children… every year…
What most people seem to overlook throughout school is the psychological struggle overweight children have to deal with throughout school; it’s pretty obvious that overweight people sometimes have physical difficulties- I was pretty slow at running and couldn’t run for as long as my friends. However, what people never knew or saw was that I was petrified to ever get changed in the changing rooms- I was so self-conscious of my body that I would always get dressed as fast as I could. It was so bad that I dreaded going swimming with my school when it was our turn to do so. Maybe what I am saying is coming across as rather hyperbolic, as it’s normal for many children of that age to have a bit of ‘puppy fat’, but I’m just trying to explain to you how I felt growing up.
Now this sounds kind of crazy, because for so many people this is just a normality of summer but for me, hot sunny days were also hard; all of my friends growing up were skinny so whenever we would go out bmxing as children, or go in the sea on the beach, they would all take their tops of without hesitation. For me however, I refrained from doing this for years- truthfully, looking back now, I was a bit stupid; I was by no means obese and I’m sure my friends wouldn’t have ever teased me at all… but at the time I couldn’t see this.
The journey to where I am at now has taken me years. I’ve made progress physically… I’ve lost a lot of weight over the years, but that’s almost not important. The point is that I’ve got to a mental state of happiness; I am finally at peace with myself and have a degree of confidence with myself. I don’t want to sound arrogant because I’m not saying in any way whatsoever that I think I’m amazing or anything… what I mean is that I don’t worry anymore about taking my top of in the summer or swimming etc… and that’s down to my determination to change how I feel about myself, as well as going to the gym and adjusting my diet.
I know that when I put pictures of the gym, my food, or my body on the internet that some people think it’s stupid and honestly don’t care, and that’s seriously fine! I don’t expect people to love health and fitness as much as me at all… and I don’t blame you! :) But if anything is to be taken from this post, I hope you realise that I’m not a guy who is trying to show off his body, or someone who is obsessed with losing weight, thinking that they’re fat, because I’m not. I hope that I’ve been able to highlight the fact that not everyone is necessarily how you initially presume they are; people generally have reasons for why they do certain things; I post about food, the gym and my progress because it’s something that’s important to me. It used to kill me when people commented on my pictures saying ‘man boobs’… You have no idea how hurt I got from some of those messages because it took me back to when I was 12 again, struggling with my weight.
I’m sorry if this post has been a bit crazy and deep but I hope you understanding me a little bit better now.
Spike Jonze speaks to the media after the big win.